Cartoon of an elderly couple brushing their teeth in front of the mirror.

What Is Periodontitis?

April 11, 2023 Published by

Bleeding, bad breath, and loose teeth are all signs of something wrong with your oral health. Most of the time, this means your gums. Gums play a crucial role in ensuring good oral health by supporting your teeth and providing a healthy foundation for tooth roots. Ensuring they stay free of periodontitis can help your smile stay happy and healthy!

Stages of Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is a serious disease that causes gum inflammation and infection. There are several stages of gum disease, including gingivitis, periodontitis, and advanced periodontitis. Gingivitis is the only reversible stage, whereas periodontitis and advanced periodontitis have attacked the teeth and gums too much to reverse.

Periodontitis: Causes & Symptoms

During periodontitis, the gums and teeth will start to separate. This separation results in deep gingival pockets, which promote bacterial growth and expose the tooth roots to bacteria that can severely damage your smile.

Most of the time, periodontitis is caused by bacteria build-up in the mouth, like plaque. Brushing and flossing can remove plaque. But when plaque is not cleaned off the teeth it hardens into tartar which can only be removed by a dentist or professional dental hygienist.

While no individual wants to hear or suspect they have advanced gum disease, there are a few symptoms that can point to the disease, including:

  • Red, swollen, or tender gums
  • Receding gums
  • Bleeding gums
  • Sensitive or loose teeth
  • Painful chewing or speaking

Treating Periodontitis

Periodontitis can affect anyone with poor oral hygiene. Fortunately, periodontitis and other types of gum disease can be treated successfully with extensive treatment. The recommended treatment will depend on the severity of the disease but may include a deep cleaning with scaling and root planing, antibiotic gel, or bone and teeth grafting. At Oakboro Family Dentistry, our team uses Arestin to treat gum disease and help you return to a healthy and happy smile.

Care for Your Smile in Oakboro, NC

Brushing and flossing every day and maintaining routine dental visits are essential to prevent or control periodontitis. Contact us today to schedule your appointment!

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